Resources

Resources

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Outcomes-Based Funding and Responsibility Center Management

Combining the Best of State and Institutional Budget Models to Achieve Shared Goals

July 13, 2016

State governments serve as a key-funding source for public higher education. Outcomes-based funding is an alternative to other methods of state allocations to institutions, such as base-plus funding, enrollment-based funding, and early performance-centered funding. Outcomes-based funding allows states to convey and promote alignment with goals and objectives for higher education by allocating state tax dollars to institutions based on measures of outcomes.

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Using Real-Time Labor Market Information to Achieve Better Labor Market Outcomes

July 13, 2016

Understanding complex labor markets including the demand for skills is key to guiding our investments in education and training. This is especially true for community colleges responsible for preparing a significant portion of the nation’s workers. These institutions are being increasingly challenged to better align their programs of study with entire economies undergoing restructuring and with most workplaces escalating their skill requirements. Policy questions surrounding higher education funding formulas, measures of performance and institutional rating systems are all seeking more focus on labor market outcomes.

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Connecting State and Institutional Finance Policies for Improved Higher Education Outcomes

July 13, 2016

This paper provides a conceptual framework that examines the interrelationship between state and institutional finance policies, including state appropriations, tuition and financial aid. It explores how state higher education goals can be advanced through outcomes-based funding policies that provide incentives for institutional behavior, and how policies can be designed to maximize student success.

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Aligning Student and Institution Incentives in Higher Education Finance

July 13, 2016

Higher education, depending who you talk to, is a generator and transmitter of knowledge, a provider of opportunity and social mobility, a trainer of skilled workers for employers, a driver of economic development or any or all of the above. But alongside its lofty goals, it is also a big, complex $600 billion business that provides paychecks to four million people.

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Leveraging Outcomes-Based Funding Policies at the Institutional Level

July 13, 2016

Policymakers are moving to outcomes-based funding in an effort to inspire public higher education institutions to drive the transformative change required to expand access, increase graduation rates and contain costs. For outcomes-based funding to have a significant effect on student outcomes, system and institutional leaders must successfully translate these policies into action. In an effort to inform the design, development and implementation of future outcomes-based funding policies, this paper presents a real-time account of how the prospect of outcomes-based funding, and the financial incentives that have been put in place by the state of California and the California State University system, have provided a frame for California State University, Fullerton to engage and mobilize its campus community to improve student outcomes, advance the institution’s mission and achieve its strategic goals.

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States of Denial

Where Community College Students Lack Access to Federal Student Loans

June 28, 2016

A new report from the Institute for College Access & Success finds that nearly one in 10 community college students nationwide don’t have access to federal student loans because their institution has opted out of the program.

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Momentum: The Academic & Economic Value of a 15-Credit First-Semester Course Load

CCRC Working Paper No. 88

June 28, 2016

Students who enroll in 15 credits' worth of classes in their first semester are more likely to graduate than those students who enroll with only 12 credits, says this working paper from the Community College Research Center. Using student-level data from the Tennessee Board of Regents, the authors estimate differences in award completion and credit accumulation across students according to their first-semester and first-year credit loads.

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Crowded Out

The Outlook for State Higher Education Spending

June 15, 2016

Baseline state funding forecasts for higher education derived from underlying measures of economic growth shows state spending on higher ed is being "crowded out" – falling from around 14 percent of state-sourced spending in the late 1980s to just over 12 percent today.

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Financing American Higher Education in the 21st Century

What Can the United States Learn From Other Countries?

June 15, 2016

Most highly-industrialized countries spend less, both overall and per student, than the United States. There are significant differences in such critical policy arenas as tuitions and fees, financial assistance, and student loan programs.

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State Finance Policy Best Practices

June 15, 2016

The U.S. higher education system is still the envy of the world, but it must become more affordable for the next generation. It must also become more innovative and adaptable, especially in its use of technology, and be more productive with regard to graduation rates. Finally, additional funding must be available from federal, state, and private-sector sources to reach the goal.

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